It is fascinating to see how countries and cities have changed their names over the decades, and the results of wars that have moved boundaries.
1963 the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland dissolves. Singapore independence 1966 - Botswana, Gambia, and Lesotho independent. Bangladesh independence 1972 - Ceylon changes to Sri Lanka 1973 - Bahamas independence 1974 - Guinea-Bissau independence. 1975 - Angola (formally Portuguese West Africa) and Mozambique independent.
Tanganyika and Zanzibar merge to form new country: Tanzania 1965 - Southern Rhodesia independent (later became Zimbabwe in 1979 or 1980).
These dates were compiled from Internet and book sources by Kate Register of Rice, Virginia. of Australia) 1856 - Burton and Speke discover Lake Tanganyika 1857 - John Speke discovers Lake Victoria 1867 - Alaska sold by Russia to US 1868 - Austro-Hungarian Empire established 1869 - Suez Canal complete 1878 - Serbia, Montenegro and Romania independent 1878 - Cyprus became British 1885 - Congo Free State (Congo State); Britain established Bechuanaland Protectorate in what is now Botswana. African states 1902 - Cuba independence 1903 - Panama independence 1905 - End of the Swedish-Norwegian Union (Norway independent); Sakhalin Island divided between Japan and Russia; Alberta and Saskatchewan become provinces in Canada 1907 - Eastern Oklahoma was called Indian Territory until 1907. 1918 - 1940 - Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania were independent.
This is a work in progress, and should not be quoted without verification. Southern part of Bechuanaland was called British Bechuanaland, a colony that later became part of the Cape Colony and later S. 1891 - North and South Dakota divided and Indian Territory in Oklahoma 1895 - "Rhodesia" name on Ndebele territory of Zimbabwe1900 - Cook Islands annexed by New Zealand. 1908 - Bulgaria becomes independent kingdom; Belgium takes over Congo Free State 1909 - Canberra becomes capital of Australia.
Kosovo may also gain independence from Serbia in the future.
(June 3) 2006 - Serbia was part of Serbia and Montenegro (also known as Yugoslavia) became its own entity after Montenegro split.1912 - Albania independent 1913 - Turkey loses most of European lands, Coup D'etat in Turkey 1914 - opening of the Panama Canal (another source said 1913). 1932-45 - Japan seizes Manchuria; renamed Manchuokuo 1933 - Nazis come to power in Germany 1934 - Italian East Africa merged Somaliland, Eritrea and Ethiopia 1936-41 - Ethiopia occupied by Italy, renamed Italian East Africa 1935 - Persia becomes Iran 1937 - Burma separates from India 1937-45 Japan invasion of China 1938 - Germany annexes Austria 1938 - Bolivia loses Gran Chaco to Paraguay 1939-45 - World War II 1939 - Bohemia (currently Czech Republic) occupied by Germany; Slovakia independent 1939 - France returns Hatay to Turkey1940 - Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania are annexed by Soviet Union 1941 - Slovenia divided between Italy and Germany; Croatia independent 1942 - Ecuador loses Oriente to Peru 1944 - Lebanon independent 1946 - Philippines independent from United States 1947 - India independent; East and West Pakistan created 1948 - Israel created (before 1948, maps say "Palestine"); Republic of Ireland independent. 1949 - Newfoundland and Labrador join Canada.1953 - Korea divided into North and South; Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland In 1953 the two parts of Rhodesia were reunited, and combined with Nyasaland, modern day Malawi in the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, and after its dissolution in 1963 the whites demanded independence from Southern Rhodesia (Rhodesia from 1964).1956 - Morocco, Tunisia independent. Most of the women's fashions during the 1940s were designed with the same squared shoulders, small waist, and skirt above the knee.Do-it-yourself home fashions were encouraged, and women were educated on how to conserve material or update older dresses to the latest fashions. Mauritius and Swaziland (from UK) gain independence.1970 - Muscat and Oman changes to Oman.