Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! Brooklyn was an independent city until its consolidation with New York City in 1898, and continues to maintain a distinct culture, independent art scene, and unique architectural heritage. Since 1896, Brooklyn has had the same boundaries as Kings County, which is now the most populous county in New York State and the second most densely populated county in the United States, after New York County (Manhattan).
Each borough president had a powerful administrative role derived from having a vote on the New York City Board of Estimate, which was responsible for creating and approving the city's budget and proposals for land use.
In 1989, the Supreme Court of the United States declared the Board of Estimate unconstitutional because Brooklyn, the most populous borough, had no greater effective representation on the Board than Staten Island, the least populous borough, a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment's Equal Protection Clause pursuant to the high court's 1964 "one man, one vote" decision.
More American prisoners died in these prison-ships than the sum of all the American battle casualties of the Revolutionary War.
The first half of the nineteenth century saw significant growth along the economically-strategic East River waterfront, across from New York City.
The building of rail links, such as the Brighton Beach Line in 1878 heralded explosive growth, and, in the space of a decade, the City of Brooklyn annexed the Town of New Lots in 1886, the Town of Flatbush, the Town of Gravesend, and the Town of New Utrecht in 1894, and the Town of Flatlands in 1896.
Brooklyn had reached its natural municipal boundaries at the Kings County line.Brooklyn's population expanded more than threefold between 18, doubled again in the 1820s, and doubled yet again during the 1830s.The county encompassed two cities: the City of Brooklyn and the City of Williamsburgh.The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle in the area on the western end of Long Island, then largely inhabited by a Native American people, the Lenape (often erroneously referred to by the Lenape place-name, "Canarsee", in contemporary colonial documents).The first Dutch settlements, established in 1634, were called Midwout (Midwood) and Flatbush (Vlacke Bos).This encouraged the departure of patriots and their sympathizers while attracting loyalist refugees fleeing the other colonies.