During the early Middle Ages it came under Gothic rule but later, much of it was conquered by Muslim invaders from North Africa.
The last Muslim state fell in the same year Columbus reached the Americas.
A global empire began which saw Spain become the strongest kingdom in Europe, the leading world power for a century and a half, and the largest overseas empire for three centuries.
Both men wrote in two different published works that the first Jews to reach Spain were brought by ship by Phiros who was confederate with the king of Babylon when he laid siege to Jerusalem.
Phiros was a Grecian by birth, but who had been given a kingdom in Spain.
Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged".
It may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean; Roman coins struck in the region from the reign of Hadrian show a female figure with a rabbit at her feet, Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia, Ἑσπερία in Greek) and Spain, being still further west, as Hesperia ultima.
Based upon their testimonies, this eponym would have already been in use in Spain by c. Iberia enters written records as a land populated largely by the Iberians, Basques and Celts.
Early on its coastal areas were settled by Phoenicians who founded Western Europe's most ancient cities Cadiz and Malaga.
This led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also part of Spanish territory.