In their letter describing and protesting this situation, Eisenman and Davies suggested that if Mr.Drori could not force the International Team to open access to the unpublished Scrolls, he could at least employ the recently developed methods of AMS carbon testing to the Scrolls, which had early on been dated by older carbon testing techniques that consumed too much Scroll material to be applied in any general fashion.
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Not only did the framers of these articles directly attack his theories, but Magen Broshi took this attack to a new level of personalized invective in the press releases and news stories accompanying these reports, calling Eisenman ignorant, "vain, even worse, and describing his theories as cranky. ( who while not part of the team appointed to test the Scrolls was generally representative of network theorizing regarding them ) was quoted as referring to Eisenmans position that there was a connection between the Scrolls and the movement we call Christianity as a wholesale theft from the Jewish people.
In this drumbeat of attacks on his person and theories, Professor Lawrence Schiffman of N. Despite this lack of scholarly collegiality and respect for opposing and dissenting theorizing, these reports and press releases accompanying the announcement of the results bordered on being taken as being official.
The new AMS C14 techniques did not consume so much material and therefore, could be used test the claims of paleographic analysis that were at the time being cited regarding the chronology of the Scrolls by members of the International Team as gospel.
In their letter, however, aside from sending an attachment detailing these new methods, they cited two caveats.
Pieces of the scroll have dated using both radiocarbon dating and palaeographic/scribal dating giving calibrated date ranges between 356-103 BCE and 150-100 BCE respectively.
Further supporting this theory are the number of Essene sectarian texts found in the surrounding Qumran Caves, and the lining up of recorded beliefs to artifacts or structures at the Qumran site (like communal meals and the obsession with ritual purity lining up with rooms with hundreds of plates and many ritual baths found at the site).
Not incuriously, these were the same laboratories that had previously been selected for the C 14 testing of the Holy Shroud of Turin.
However these things may be, following the tests, the group controlling the process was governed by the belief that the C14 results -- which were on the whole inconclusive or to use the words of BARs reportage skewed -- in some manner confirmed the accuracy of the results arrived at by those basing their chronological determinations on paleography.
Trever photographed the scrolls and sent the photographs to palaeographer and dean of American archaeologists, Professor William Albright of Johns Hopkins University, who dated the manuscript of Isaiah at around 100 B. Samuel permitted ASOR to publish them within a limit of three years, and so Dr. The scrolls were advertised for sale in the Wall Street Journal in June, 1954 under the "miscellaneous" columns, but were eventually bought by Israeli archeologist Yigael Yadin for 0,000 in 1954 and brought back to Israel, although the purchase was not announced until February 1955.
The scroll, along with over 200 fragments from the Dead Sea Scrolls, is now housed in Jerusalem at the Shrine of the Book at the Israel Museum.
Thus, while John Strugnell, then chief editor of the Scrolls Project, and Israeli scholars Magen Broshi, then Head of the Shrine of the Book, and ultimately Emmanuel Tov, who succeeded Strugnell, were among those named to oversee or be included in the process, no opposition scholar was included or mentioned -- not even in an advisory capacity, though they were the ones who had originally called for the tests and presumably felt the most need for them.