A substantial gender gap in intermarriage was also present in 1980, when 39% of newly married Asian women and 26% of their male counterparts were married to someone of a different race or ethnicity. While the gender gap among Asian immigrants has remained relatively stable, the gap among the U. born has widened substantially since 1980, when intermarriage stood at 46% among newlywed Asian men and 49% among newlywed Asian women.
Among Asian newlyweds, these gender differences exist for both immigrants (15% men, 31% women) and the U. Among white newlyweds, there is no notable gender gap in intermarriage – 12% of men and 10% of women had married someone of a different race or ethnicity in 2015.
The association between intermarriage and educational attainment among newlyweds varies across racial and ethnic groups.
For instance, among Hispanic newlyweds, higher levels of education are strongly linked with higher rates of intermarriage.
The long-term annual growth in newlyweds marrying someone of a different race or ethnicity has led to dramatic increases in the overall number of people who are presently intermarried – including both those who recently married and those who did so years, or even decades, earlier.
In 2015, that number stood at 11 million – 10% of all married people.
And members of smaller racial or ethnic groups may be more likely to intermarry because relatively few potential partners share their race or ethnicity. marriage market in 2015, yet their newlywed intermarriage rates were comparable to those of Asians, who comprised only 5% of the marriage market.
But size alone cannot totally explain intermarriage patterns. And while the share of the marriage market comprised of Hispanics has grown markedly since 1980, when it was 6%, their intermarriage rate has remained stable.
This pattern may be partly driven by the fact that Hispanics with low levels of education are disproportionately immigrants who are in turn less likely to intermarry.
However, rates of intermarriage increase as education levels rise for both the U. born and the foreign born: Among immigrant Hispanic newlyweds, intermarriage rates range from 9% among those with a high school diploma or less up to 33% for those with a bachelor’s degree or more; and among the U. born, rates range from 32% for those with a high school diploma or less up to 56% for those with a bachelor’s degree or more.
About three-in-ten Asian newlyweds (29%) have a spouse of a different race or ethnicity. For newly married Hispanics and Asians, the likelihood of intermarriage is closely related to whether they were born in the U. The size of each racial and ethnic group can also influence intermarriage rates by affecting the pool of potential marriage partners in the “marriage market,” which consists of all newlyweds and all unmarried adults combined.
For example, whites, who comprise the largest share of the U. population, may be more likely to marry someone of the same race simply because most potential partners are white.
In 1967, when miscegenation laws were overturned in the United States, 3% of all newlyweds were married to someone of a different race or ethnicity.