In 1950, Fort Wayne's first bypass, Coliseum Boulevard, opened on the north side of the city, followed by the city's first arena, War Memorial Coliseum, bringing new opportunities for suburban expansion.
According to the 2010 census, Fort Wayne has a total area of 110.834 square miles (287.06 km Receding glaciers eroded the land, depositing an evenly distributed layer of sediment during the last glacial period.
The most distinguishable topographical feature is Cedar Creek Canyon, just north of the city proper near Huntertown. The two rivers converge to form the Maumee, which eventually empties into Lake Erie.
Clockwise from top: Downtown Fort Wayne skyline, Chief Jean-Baptiste de Richardville House, John Chapman's grave in Johnny Appleseed Park, Dr. Memorial Bridge, Embassy Theatre, and Historic Fort Wayne.
With a population of 253,691 in the 2010 census, it is the second-most populous city in Indiana after Indianapolis, and the 75th-most populous city in the United States.
The most important geographical feature of the area is the short distance overland between the Three Rivers system, which eventually flows to the Atlantic, and the Wabash system, which eventually flows to the Gulf of Mexico.
This came to be the "portage" or carrying place, over which travelers could transport their cargoes from one system to the next.Three battles were fought at Kekionga against Little Turtle and the Miami Confederacy. At the turn of the 20th century, the city's population reached nearly 50,000, attributed to a large influx of German and Irish immigrants.Fort Wayne's "urban working class" thrived in industrial and railroad-related jobs.The city is within a 300-mile (482.803 km) radius of major population centers, including Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, Detroit, Indianapolis, Louisville, Lexington, and Milwaukee.Once a booming manufacturing town located in what became known as the Rust Belt, Fort Wayne's economy in the 21st century is based upon distribution, transportation and logistics, healthcare, professional and business services, leisure and hospitality, and financial services.In 1760, France ceded the area to Britain after its forces in North America surrendered during the Seven Years' War, known on the North American front as the French and Indian War.