(2) The district attorney may bring actions to recover civilpenalties pursuant to this subdivision.
Amounts deposited in the Underage Pregnancy Prevention Fund may be used only for the purpose of preventingunderage pregnancy upon appropriation by the Legislature.
(3) In addition to any punishment imposed under this section, thejudge may assess a fine not to exceed seventy dollars ($70) againstany person who violates this section with the proceeds of this fineto be used in accordance with Section 1463.23.
(a) Unlawful sexual intercourse is an act of sexualintercourse accomplished with a person who is not the spouse of theperpetrator, if the person is a minor.
For the purposes of thissection, a "minor" is a person under the age of 18 years and an"adult" is a person who is at least 18 years of age.(c) Any person who engages in an act of unlawful sexualintercourse with a minor who is more than three years younger thanthe perpetrator is guilty of either a misdemeanor or a felony, andshall be punished by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding oneyear, or by imprisonment in the state prison.(d) Any person 21 years of age or older who engages in an act ofunlawful sexual intercourse with a minor who is under 16 years of ageis guilty of either a misdemeanor or a felony, and shall be punishedby imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one year, or byimprisonment in the state prison for two, three, or four years.(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, anadult who engages in an act of sexual intercourse with a minor inviolation of this section may be liable for civil penalties in thefollowing amounts:(D) An adult over the age of 21 years who engages in an act ofunlawful sexual intercourse with a minor under 16 years of age isliable for a civil penalty not to exceed twenty-five thousand dollars($25,000).
Some states base the penalty for violations on the age of the offender, with older offenders receiving harsher penalties.
For example, California, Maryland, Missouri, Nevada, and New York reserve their harshest statutory rape penalty for offenders who are age 21 or older.(1) If the minor is under age 15, five years in prison; (2) if the offender is at least age 18 or is tried as an adult and the minor was age 12 or younger, life in prison and the offender is ineligible for release until serving 35 years; (3) if the offender is at least 18 or tried as an adult and the victim is age 12, 13, or 14, the presumptive sentence is 20 years; or (4) if the minor is at least age 15, it is punishable by one year in prison Sexual assault to knowingly inflicts sexual intrusion or sexual penetration on a victim (1) under age 15 if the actor is at least four years older or (2) at least 15 years old but less than 17 years old and the actor is at least 10 years older. It is illegal for anyone to sexually exploit minors. The laws vary from place to place, but typically someone over the age of 16 is safe.Defenses exist if the victim and perpetrator are married (common law marriages are not applicable). 18-3-402(1) Any actor who knowingly inflicts sexual intrusion or sexual penetration on a victim commits sexual assault if: ...Although the age of consent is 17, child prostitution laws extend to those 18 and under. A close in age exemption, also known as "Romeo and Juliet law", is designed to prevent the prosecution of underage couples who engage in consensual sex when both participants are significantly close in age to each other, and one or both are below the age of consent. (d) At the time of the commission of the act, the victim is less than fifteen years of age and the actor is at least four years older than the victim and is not the spouse of the victim; or (e) At the time of the commission of the act, the victim is at least fifteen years of age but less than seventeen years of age and the actor is at least ten years older than the victim and is not the spouse of the victim; Colorado has six statutory sexual abuse charges on the books which are used to prosecute age of consent and child abuse related crimes within the state. In the United States, the age of consent is the minimum age at which an individual is considered legally old enough to consent to participation in sexual activity.