The Soviet era saw the implementation of policies designed to transform the status of women in Tajik society.
During the 1930s, the Soviet authorities launched a campaign for women's equality in Tajikistan, as they did elsewhere in Central Asia.
The Communist Party of Tajikistan, the government - especially the higher offices - and economic management organizations were largely directed by men.
Although the employment of indigenous women in industry continued to grow even after the war, they remained a small fraction of the industrial labor force after independence.
In the early 1980s, women made up 51 percent of Tajikistan's population and 52 percent of the work force on collective farms, and 38 percent of the industrial labor force, 16 percent of transportation workers, 14 percent of communications workers, and 28 percent of civil servants.
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Tajikistan is a country in Central Asia, with a population formed largely of Tajikistani (84.3%), with a significant Uzbek minority of 13.8%, and smaller numbers of Kyrgyz, Russians, Turkmens, Tatars, and Arabs.
These statistics include women of Russian and other non-Central Asian nationalities.
In some rural parts of the republic, about half the women were not employed outside the home in the mid-1980s.
Tajikistan is one of the poorest states of the former Soviet sphere.
It is a largely rural and agricultural country: as of 2015, only 26.8% of the total population lived in urban areas.
Eventually major changes resulted from such programs, but initially they provoked intense public opposition.