blackdating online com - Mandating health initatives

Helmets prevent fatalities and can reduce the number and severity of head injuries [1, 2].After implementation of the California statewide universal motorcycle helmet law, fatalities decreased by 37.5 % [2].Twenty-seven other states only require certain individuals to wear helmets when riding motorcycles, and three states have no helmet laws whatsoever [24].

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Additional medical charges include hospital readmissions, professional fees, ambulatory care services, rehabilitation, and long-term nursing home care.

Medical and productivity costs saved from helmet use are estimated to be $1,316,469.58per fatality, $186,434.37per serious injury, and $8166.06per minor injury (inflation adjusted to current year) [10].

Helmets are beneficial in preventing head injury, as non-helmeted motorcyclists are more likely to experience traumatic brain injury (TBI) compared to those wearing helmets [5].

Median hospital costs for motorcyclists with TBI are 13 times greater than those without TBI [5], and severe TBI patients average 55 days of acute rehabilitation [6].

States that have enacted universal helmet laws have witnessed substantial increases in helmet use; [16–20] whereas, states that repeal universal helmet laws have witnessed substantial decreases in helmet use [16, 21–23].

Only 20 states require all motorcyclists to wear helmets.An important consideration in this major public health issue is that the cost of medical care for motorcycle crash patients is largely transferred to society.The majority of motorcycle crash victims’ medical care is paid for by public funds [13], as non-helmeted motorcyclists are more likely to be covered by government-funded health insurance or have no health insurance at all compared to helmeted motorcyclists [14].Motorcycle crashes are a major public health concern which place economic stress on the healthcare system.Although statewide universal motorcycle helmet laws effectively increase helmet use [1], most state helmet laws do not require every motorcycle rider to wear a helmet.Motorcycle helmets reduce both motorcycle-related fatalities and head injuries. Although statewide universal motorcycle helmet laws effectively increase helmet use, most state helmet laws do not require every motorcycle rider to wear a helmet.

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