Today the attribution is abandoned, but the name Construction started with the leveling and terracing of the promontory.
Schmidt (1935-39), both assisted by the architect Friederich Krefter.
These all led to the Oriental Institute of Chicago University Expedition to Persepolis, directed first by Herzfeld (1931-34), and then by Erich F.
Franz Stolze and Friedrich Carl Andreas (1877) and Marsel and Jane Dieulafoy (1881) made the first photographic documentations, and the entire field of Persepolis scholarship was surveyed and updated by George Perrot and Charles Chpiez and George N. At the invitation of Persian authorities the German antiquarian Ernest Herzfeld surveyed the ruins and recommended scientific methods of investigation and restoration (Herzfeld, 1929).
1325), European travelers (listed in Curzon, II, pp. 207-9), described Persepolis, and their accounts and drawings enabled O. James Morier (1809-11), William Ouseley (1811), and Robert Ker Porter (1818-21) corrected and fully supplemented their predecessors, and paved the way for the scientific study of the inscriptions by Henry Rawlinson (1838-52) and the site by the artists and art historians Charles Textier (1840) and Eugène Flandin and Pascal Coste (1840), who meticulously documented the monuments in their accounts and drawings. The first excavations were conducted by the Andreas Expedition in 1874 and by Herbert W. By then Persians had come to view Persepolis as a national monument, and consciously copied its architecture and sculpture on metal works, tapestry, and carpets (see Duschesne-Guillemin, 1964), on palace facades (in tile or stone) and even on stamps.
Persis, whence Persia), and by the people inhabiting it.
The Greeks knew very little of this city, and a few who had heard about it called it Persai.
The aims of Darius, and hence the function of Persepolis, are debated. 270, Krefter, Erdmann, Ghirshman, and Porada, 1965, pp.
152) maintain that it was built as the site for celebrating Nowruz, the Persian New Year festival.
A terrace platform covering an area of 125,000 square m was prepared on the promontory and four groups of constructions were built on it: ceremonial palaces, residential quarters, a treasury, and a chain of fortification.
The structures were built by Darius I the Great and his successors, Xerxes (486-66 BCE) and Artaxerxes I (466-24 BCE), and maintained until 330 BCE, when they were looted and burnt by Alexander of Macedon.
On the other hand, after the fall of the Achaemenids, the Iranians no longer remembered the name “Pārsa,” and came to call the site Sad Sotun (Hundred-columned) and Čehel Menār (Forty-columned), and Iranian traditional history came to attribute the monuments to Jamšid, the legendary paragon of sovereignty, organizer of the social estates, and subjugator of the s (demonic peoples; see DAIVA), who build for him magnificent palaces of stone and bore him while enthroned from one palace to another.