Heroin is commonly injected or snorted (and sometimes smoked), while opioid painkillers are most often taken orally, yet may also be crushed and snorted, or mixed with liquid solution and injected.
Factors that influence the nature and severity of symptoms that are experienced may depend on a person’s age, gender, individual physiology, genetic make-up, and mental health condition, as well as environmental factors related to the family, school, and neighborhood.
And while some side effects are relatively mild, many abused substances lend themselves to severe and life-threatening outcomes, particularly as a person’s pattern of use progresses.
Some programs, such as intensive outpatient (IOP) and partial hospitalization programs (PHP), require that the patient attend the center 3 to 5 times per week, for several hours each day.
Other programs are less intensive and require a commitment of a couple times a week, for 1 to 2 hours each session.
Additionally, in 2017, 30.5 million people 12 or older used an illicit drug in the past 30 days (which equates to current use), and approximately 19.7 million people 12 or older had a substance use disorder (SUD) connect to their use of alcohol and/or illicit drugs.
Though the short- and long-term impact of drug and alcohol abuse my vary from person to person, many people struggle with the ill-effects of abusing drugs and alcohol every day.
Some of the more common substances of abuse include alcohol, hallucinogens, opioids, benzodiazepines, and inhalants, each of which produce their own unique short- and long-term effects.
A few factors impact the speed at which alcohol’s effects are felt.
The short-term effects may depend on the amount used, the potency of purity of the substance, and whether it is mixed or used in combination with any other mind-altering substances.