A list of relevant datasets and their sources for all chapters is provided as an Appendix. Gregory, Svetlana Jevrejeva, Anders Levermann, Mark A. The science contained in the report is based on the most credible and significant peer-reviewed literature available at the time of publication. STORMTOOLS: Coastal Environmental Risk Index (CERI). Journal of Marine Science and Engineering; 4(3): 54.
Chapter 7 provides a regional perspective authored largely by local government climate specialists. Ultimately, these scientists hope to determine which species might win and which might lose in a more acidic ocean.
Sidebars included in each chapter are intended to provide background information on a significant climate event from 2014, a developing technology, or emerging dataset germane to the chapter’s content. Reference: Resource type: Research article Description: The increasing acidification of the world’s oceans caused by rising concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide not only poses a threat to marine creatures, but also could lead to an intensification of planetary warming, according to a new study. S., British, and German researchers conducted experiments in seawater enclosures, known as mesocosms, showing that the increasing acidification of the ocean leads to a drop in production of an important sulfur compound, dimethylsulphide, or DMS.
, is to consider the vulnerability and exposure of human and natural systems, the observed impacts and future risks of climate change, and the potential for and limits to adaptation. Description: In this chapter, impacts, risks, and vulnerabilities associated with climate change and ocean acidification are assessed for seven ocean sub-regions, and the expected consequences and adaptation options for key ocean-based sectors are discussed. Here we use state of the art modeling tool (ADCIRC and STWAVE) to predict storm surge and wave, combined with shoreline change maps (erosion), and damage functions to construct a Coastal Environmental Risk Index (CERI).
The chapters of the report assess risks and opportunities for societies, economies, and ecosystems around the world. The chapter also examines the extent to which regional changes to the ocean can be accurately detected and attributed to anthropogenic climate change and ocean acidification. Mark Eakin, Arne Eide, Benjamin Halpern, Charles R. Access to the state emergency data base (E-911) provides information on structure characteristics and the ability to perform analyses for individual structures.
The report, compiled by NOAA’s Center for Weather and Climate at the National Centers for Environmental Information is based on contributions from 413 scientists from 58 countries around the world. Reference: The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification (2012). A National Ocean Acidification Program will be established to lead U. coordination of ocean acidification activities between the Federal agencies, and with academic institutions, industry, and other private sector and international partners. will join other countries in establishing a robust international research and monitoring program to address what is truly a global challenge. Prepared by the Interagency Working Group on Ocean Acidification, the Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology, the Committee on Environment, Natural Resources, and Sustainability, and the National Science and Technology Council.
It provides a detailed update on global climate indicators, notable weather events, and other data collected by environmental monitoring stations and instruments located on land, water, ice, and in space." "An overview of findings is presented in the Abstract and Introduction. A national ocean acidification data management and information exchange program will ensure that ocean and Great Lakes acidification information reaches scientists, decision makers, and the public in a timely manner. Link: type: Report Description: Excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, in addition to contributing to climate change, is absorbed by the ocean, making sea water more acidic and leading to a suite of changes in ocean chemistry.
The report assesses needs, options, opportunities, constraints, resilience, limits, and other aspects associated with adaptation. The scientists said that their study was the first to prove the link between rising ocean acidification and the potential decrease in planet-cooling sulfur dioxide aerosols. The site was designed to allow local governments, small business owners and natural resource managers to plan for a future of warming-fueled extreme weather.
Section A of this summary characterizes observed impacts, vulnerability and exposure, and adaptive responses to date. Reference: Global Warming Amplified by Reduced Sulfur Fluxes as a Result of Ocean Acidification (2013). The Explorer includes maps and charts on how temperature and precipitation patterns could change on a local level through 2100.
A strong, but fading El Niño contributed to temperature and rainfall extremes, including record-setting drought. Experts and coastal managers should factor in locally and regionally specific information on climatic, physical, ecological, and biological processes and on the culture and economy of coastal communities. It builds on the 2014 National Climate Assessment and reviews and synthesizes key contributions to the published literature. This document also describes EPA’s approach and criteria for selecting indicators for the report. Gnatz, Mary Hayden, Maria Eugenia Ibarraran Viniegra, Elena Jiménez Cisneros, Michael D. This report documents climate change related impacts and responses for various sectors and regions, with the goal of better informing public and private decision-making at all levels. From a combined survey of physical and chemical water properties and biological sampling along the Washington–Oregon–California coast in August 2011, the authors show that large portions of the shelf waters are corrosive to pteropods in the natural environment. Chapter 4 presents analyses of how changes in ocean acidification may affect the economics of marine fisheries in regions of the Arctic and on food security and cultural issues for coastal Arctic indigenous communities. Rashid Sumaila (coordinating authors); Helene Amundsen, Leif Anderson, Andreas Andersson, Kumiko Azetsu-Scott, Michael Beman, Craig Carlson, William W. Cheung, Melissa Chierici, Tonya Clayton, Sarah Cooley, Peter Croot, Nils Daan, Carlos Duarte, Sam Dupont, Maoz Fine, Ola Flaaten, Jan Helge Fosså, Agneta Fransson, Arild Gjertsen, Jason Hall-Spencer, Pamela Hallock-Muller, Jon Havenhand, Nathalie Hilmi, Grete K. Hurst, Debora Iglesias-Rodriguez, Emil Jeansson, Paul Knorr, Haruko Kurihara, Vicky W. Lam, John Lisle, Robie Macdonald, Fred Mackenzie, Clara Manno, Jeremy Mathis, Sophie Mc Coy, Frank Melzner, Lisa Miller, Philip Munday, Jon Olafsson, Are Olsen, Ute Passow, Hans-Otto Pörtner, Lars-Otto Reiersen, Justin Ries, Lisa Robbins, Dominique Robert, Jeffrey Runge, Alain Safa, David Scott, Hein Rune Skjoldal, Nadja Steiner, , Keita Suzuki, Frede Thingstad, Simon Wilson, Tim Wootton, and Michiyo Yamamoto-Kauai.
: An international, peer-reviewed publication released each summer, the State of the Climate is the authoritative annual summary of the global climate published as a supplement to the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. Acknowledging the rising demand for data that can be used to characterize how climate change affects health, this report assesses recent analyses that quantify observed and projected health impacts. Meyer, Amrutasri Nori-Sarma, Landy Sánchez Peña, Catherine Ngo, Greg Oulahen, Diana Pape, Ana Peña del Valle, Roger Pulwarty, Ashlinn Quinn, Daniel Runfola, Fabiola S. Udall, Fiona Warren, Kate Weinberger, and Tom Wilbanks (contributing authors). Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) with the results of research and observations from across the U. and around the world, including reports from the U. The report draws from a large body of scientific, peer-reviewed research, as well as a number of other publicly available sources. They show a strong positive correlation between the proportion of pteropod individuals with severe shell dissolution damage and the percentage of undersaturated water in the top 100 m with respect to aragonite. Chapter 5 presents an overall summary of the major findings and gaps in knowledge on Arctic Ocean acidification. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway.
A list of relevant datasets and their sources for all chapters is provided as an Appendix." : The assessment of impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability in this report evaluates how patterns of risks and potential benefits are shifting due to climate change. Marine emissions of DMS are the largest natural source of atmospheric sulfur, and those sulfur aerosols play an important role in reflecting the sun’s energy back into space and cooling the planet.