(In the present context, a simplified definition of the variationist approach might be a quantitative analysis of two or more linguistic variables, or ways of saying the same thing, as a way of detecting language change.) Chapter 2 ( Linguistic Dating of Biblical Hebrew Texts: A Survey of Scholarship) reviews research on the linguistic development of BH, beginning with the period from Wilhelm Gesenius (usually considered the father of the diachronic study of BH) to Yechezkel Kutscher (Hurvitz's teacher), followed by a discussion of the work of Robert Polzin and a longer treatment of the work of Hurvitz, and their followers, and continuing with a summary of the work of scholars who have challenged various fundamental presuppositions and methods in previous scholarship.
The chapter concludes with a list of seven points of agreement and (mainly) disagreement between Hurvitz and his followers and the challengers.
Now, this may in fact be a conclusion which is congenial to some.
But others will not find this agreeable, so we will offer a way out of this conclusion by arguing that the presuppositions of the chronological approach are undermined by the evidence.
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